Riverlane to build radically new operating system for quantum computers

Riverlane is leading a consortium which has been awarded a £7.6M grant from the government’s Industrial Challenge Strategy Fund to deploy a highly innovative quantum operating system.

Joining the consortium are the UK’s most exciting quantum hardware companies, SeeQCHitachi EuropeUniversal Quantum, Duality Quantum Photonics, Oxford Ionics, and Oxford Quantum Circuits, along with UK-based chip designer, Arm, and the National Physical Laboratory.

The project will deliver Deltaflow.OS; an operating system that allows the same quantum software to run on different types of quantum computing hardware. The system works on different qubit technologies including silicon, photonics, superconducting and trapped ion qubits. By working together, the quantum operating system, Deltaflow.OS, will be installed on every quantum computer in the UK, thus accelerating the commercialisation of the UK’s quantum computing sector.

In the very same way that regular computers need an operating system, quantum computers need one too. However, there is no quantum version of Windows, IOS or Linux. Without an operating system, computers would be much less useful. By automating the scheduling of tasks and allocation of resources, such as memory and disk space, operating systems simplify the use of computers so everyone can benefit from them. Quantum computers are expected to outperform conventional computers at specific tasks, such as predicting the properties of a new medicine or vaccine. To get the best performance out of quantum computers, elements of conventional computers and quantum computers have to be integrated tightly, which makes it difficult to design an operating system.

An improved quantum chemistry algorithm running on an emulated version of Deltaflow.OS

Deltaflow.OS is the first of its kind. While competitors typically present quantum computers as a “black box”, Deltaflow.OS exposes the different elements of the full quantum computing stack. This gives users the power to schedule tasks in an optimal way, improving the performance of quantum computers by orders of magnitude compared to other leading approaches. Once the hardware and software are tightly integrated, the performance is expected to improve even further.

Riverlane will lead on the development of a dataflow framework, a runtime and powerful quantum application. The hardware companies – SeeQC, Oxford Quantum Circuits, Hitachi Europe, Universal Quantum, Oxford Ionics and Duality Quantum Photonics – will evolve their technology and develop firmware for their quantum processors that will later interface with Deltaflow.OS. Experts in chip design ARM will develop specific control systems emulators. A prerequisite for delivering a portable yet hardware-aware system is a standardised hardware abstraction layer. The National Physical Laboratory will coordinate the definition of this standardised interface based on its expertise in developing technical standards for breakthrough technology and will hence play a vital role in delivering the project.

Dr Steve Brierley, CEO of Riverlane, said: “We are delighted to have been awarded this grant to build and install the quantum operating system Deltaflow.OS on all leading hardware platforms in the UK. Together with consortium partners, we have a unique opportunity to accelerate the commercialisation of the UK quantum technology sector and overtake global competitors in this space.”

Dr M. Fernando Gonzalez Zalba, Head of Quantum Computing at the Hitachi Cambridge Laboratory, said: “At Hitachi Europe, we are building a quantum computer based on the very same microprocessor technology that we can find in our laptops, cars and mobile phones. Deltaflow.OS will enable us to deliver a full stack solution that will help solve customer’s greatest computational challenges.”

“By making OQC’s stack compatible with Deltaflow.OS, we’re helping build a new standardised quantum ecosystem. This UK-first effort to build compatibility is a critical step in ensuring the widest possible use of our consortium’s technologies and opening up this ecosystem to new players, generating additional commercial opportunities” said Dr Ilana Wisby, CEO of Oxford Quantum Circuits.

Together with consortium partners, we have a unique opportunity to accelerate the commercialisation of the UK quantum technology sector and overtake global competitors in this space.

Further details on Deltaflow.OS can be found here.